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Homepage. This page: A rare light car of Scottish descent, the Galloway of 1920-1929.

1. A vintage Galloway touring car.

Fortunately the badge on the lefthand car's radiator is just visible, and confirms that this particular automobile is a Galloway, a product of an almost-forgotten motor-car manufacturer from north of the border. Two young children are seem clambering around in their parent's small tourer, with a smartly dressed lady, quite possibly the owner, stood alongside for the photo. To the right is another tourer of quite small proportions - Ian, from the Bullnose Morris Club, confirms that this is a 1924-season Morris Cowley "Chummy". Apparently, the spare wheel of Cowley Chummies is mounted in a well on the offside running board for the 1924 season, but at the rear for the 1925 and 1926 season.
A Galloway plus another vintage car
The Galloway is registered SM 4409, which is a Dumfries (Scotland) number, linking in nicely with the area that the car was built in. The car on the right, XP 3077, was registered in London and is, I think, of different manufacture. Galloway was a very unusual car manufacturer, not just because it was one of the few firms situated in Scotland, but because is was mainly staffed by women, and the car aimed squarely at the female motorist - quite a rare breed in the 1920s. One of their ad slogans went: "a car made by ladies for others of their sex". Local women were encouraged to take up apprenticeship posts, and sign up on training courses, all designed to encourage the good ladies of the area into the factory. By all accounts strenuous efforts were made to ensure that the Galloway factory was a pleasant place to work - tennis courts were installed on the roof of the factory, with bathing and swimming facilities also on offer, if running around chasing a tennis ball, or taking part in the factory's hockey team, sounded like too much effort.
The firm was founded in 1920 as a subsidiary to another Scottish motor-car maker, namely Arrol-Johnston. Initially the cars were produced at a factory in Tongland, Kirkcudbrightshire, but in 1923 this switched to a new facility in Dumfries. Perhaps therefore the car shown on this page was a works' demonstrator, or test car, registered as it was in the same area?
Two models were built throughout the short life of Galloway. First out of the door was the Galloway 10/20, a small car powered by a 1460cc sidevalve engine. Production would run from 1920 through to 1925, and I suspect the car shown here is an example of the 10/20. In 1925 the 10/20 was replaced by the 1669cc 12hp model, which was in essence a re-badged version of a car designed by the parent company, Arrol-Johnston. Initially known as the '12', it would later become the 12/30 and finally the 12/50, before production ceased altogether in 1929.
According to a copy of "Motor Specifications and Prices 1934", the 10.9hp (RAC rating) Galloway 10/20 cost 295 in 1923, dropping to 265 in 1924. In the 1925, the final year for this model, the price had dropped to 250. The all-new 12hp car would debut at 265, and rise in 1926 to 325. By comparison, a 12.8hp Austin of 1926 would have cost 315.
Interestingly, the Galloway marque also makes an appearance in the commercial vehicle section of the same book, with an 11.9hp van listed for 1926-1928 inclusively. It was rated at 10cwt, and weighed 15cwt. The price in 1927 was 250, rising to 275 the following year.
Due to this car's rarity, I've popped a larger scan of the car in isolation below...
A close look at the Galloway 10/20

2. A Galloway photographed in Australia.

Dennis in NZ dropped me a line, attaching this cracking old photo that shows a Galloway in Australia. He also sent in some scans from a sales brochure of the time. He adds: " I own a 1927 Arrol Johnston, so being the same company am interested in Galloway photos etc. You are right, the car in your photo could be a 10/20 or a 12/30 I have a catalogue for Nov 1925 which is for the 1926 models, and it shows what could be the same model - it calls it the 2 Seater Standard, with a 4ft 3.5 inch track. It also shows the de Luxe model, which has a radiator the same as a that fitted to the Arrol Johnston. Both have the new overhead valve engine. I enclose a photo I picked up taken in Australia - it could have a locally-made body, I think on the de luxe chassis." Thanks for the information Dennis - below is the photo he sent over, along with catalogue scans showing the Galloway 4 seater (Standard and De Luxe), and the sporty 2 Seater.
A second Galloway, this time in Australia
Catalogue image 1
Catalogue image 2
Catalogue image 3

3. A Galloway saloon car.

Jo kindly provided the following two photos, found in an old family album. They both feature a vintage Galloway saloon of the late 1920s. In the first image, the car's owner is seen attending to a spot of lubrication at the front end. A sprung front bumper has been fitted to this car, although just visible I can't make out the writing in the diamond-shaped badge fitted to the bumper. Both photos date to 1928. Note the distinctive front windscreen arrangement, incorporating a split two-piece centre screen, with separate rectangular screens either side.
(Please click the thumbnail to view full-size image.)
A Galloway car seen in 1928
The second of Jo's photos features the same car, but viewed from the driver's side.
Side view of the vintage Galloway
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