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Researching a car's history.
For me, knowing where a car has been all its life really adds to the interest I have in it. It helps to place the car within the
history of the 20th century in my mind, and notable events in its life, such as change of ownership, can be put in context with
important events of the time - for instance the moon landing, or when JFK met his maker. |
With the A40, researching the history of the car was a doddle. But this isn't usually the case, and here I'll go into some of the ways that the background of a car can be uncovered. This isn't so much about finding out where a car is now, after selling it years ago, more about how to trace the history of a car that you own now.
Is it worth getting this information together?As well as for personal interest, there are other good reasons to trace as much of your car's history as possible. It is a known fact within the old-car world that selling a car, with a lengthy and informative history, makes it more valuable and easier to sell, than an identical car that is missing this background information. Old receipts, photos, insurance cover notes, speeding tickets, and tax discs all help to paint a picture of where the car has spent its life, and how it managed to survive til the current day.
Online resources worth tryingDVLA maintain records for all registered cars in the UK, and their database can be checked online, although won't divulge much information that you haven't already got on your V5C (logbook). However, if you have just bought the car and are waiting for the logbook to be returned in your name, some key details about it can be found on the motor vehicle licensing website, which can be accessed here. Information such as the car's first date of registration, when the tax disc is due to expire, its colour, engine size and fuel type is given with this enquiry. Some logbooks I have seen for cars that have had their numbers re-claimed, after a number of years where the car was not used, have a first registration date recorded as 1st January
There is also a section on this site, the car registration numbers index, which may be of some use too. There you'll find information on a car's registration number - ie where it was first issued, and the date period(s) that the single- or double-letter registration code was used.
The RAC also offer a service where similar information can be gleaned on a vehicle, simply by entering its registration number on this page. A full check has to be paid for, but an initial enquiry is free (at the time of writing). This is handy if you know the registration number of a car, but not its maker.
However as already said, neither option gives you information that doesn't already exist on the new-style logbook, assuming you have one for your car. If your old motor hasn't been on the road for some years, and isn't yet on a new logbook, then further research is required. With a bit of luck, you will know the registration number that your car was issued with. You can then take this information to classic car forums, and owners' club forums, to see if the car rings a bell with any of the readership.
Clubs usually maintain a record of cars that belong to members. It can be worth contacting a relevant club to see if they hold any information on previous owners of your car, which may just throw up a few leads for your to pursue. The Data Protection Act will probably result in clubs not handing over the information to you, but hopefully they will contact any former owners that they have details of, and forward your details on to them, so that contact can be made. The usefulness and helpfulness of clubs varies wildly however, and my encounters with club officials have had mixed results over the years.
Many old cars, at some point in their lives, pass through the halls of a classic car auction house. These auction companies often maintain lists of previous sales, details of the vehicles that went through, and the prices achieved. This tip probably applies more to the expensive end of the market but is always worth a go, and costs nothing. I've had some success with tracing the history of cars I have seen in old photographs, simply by searching (for example on Google) for the car's registration number. For example, I found this old photo showing an Alfa Romeo, registration JB 3129. A search on Google brought up a reference to this car's registration, and details of it passing through a car auction at Coys, back in 1993. This record confirmed that the car is a 6C Zagato Gran Sport, and still around to this day, having sold for £185k. A current owner of this, or any other, car is well advised to try a simple search like this, just to see if a piece of its history sits on a web page somewhere. A look on the DVLA site currently says that the car is taxed til next year, and is painted black.
Classic car magazines have letters pages, as do club publications usually, and these are also worthy of consideration. Try emailing them, asking if your hunt for information could be published within their pages. Again, an email costs nothing, and might just turn up a lead or two. I tried this with the Dodge, and wrote to Classic & Sportscar magazine. This led me to contact both of the team mechanics that drove it in the 40s and 50s, and a fascinating string of stories about the old lorry.
Don't forget the pen and paper!With so much of our lives being handled over the internet, its easy to forget how things were done 'in the olden days'. I'm told that if you write to DVLA, enclosing a cheque for a nominal sum, they will send you photocopies of old logbooks for the car you now own. This can be a real help if you're trying to track down previous owners of your car. The current V5C only lists the previous owner, but a chance to receive details of all previous known owners, is something not to be passed up on. With a bit of luck you may still have the old buff logbook for your car, which will contain details of many previous owners, going back some decades in the case of older cars. Why not try writing to the names and addresses given? at worst you'll only lose the cost of a stamp, and with a bit of luck you might stumble across a previous owner, or maybe a relative of same.
Basically, any nugget of information, that sheds a little more light on your car's background, is worth getting hold of to help build up that history file.
If you write to a previous owner, ask them to see if any of the following snippets are available:
With a little luck, a previous owner may give you details of where the car was serviced. If you know where it was serviced, especially when new, a call to the garage may just yield some old records - dealerships and garages may change name over the years, but sometimes old paperwork simply gets pushed to the back of the pile, rather than chucked away. Being this lucky with a 1902 Benz is perhaps a bit more that you can hope for, but if you're researching a car from more recent times, you could just hit the paperwork jackpot.
Help from car manufacturersSome car manufacturers also have a 'heritage' division within their organisation. If so, you're in luck. A call to their archivist may turn up some interesting nuggets of information about your car, such as its build date, original colour and trim specification, chassis details, and so on. Anyone who owns a product of the BMC / BL / Austin Rover dynasty should try contacting BMIHT in the first instance. Jaguar and Daimler owners have the services of the JDHT to hand. Other manufacturers, such as Mercedes Benz and BMW, also have larger archives, detailing their older models. Again, some clubs have old build records so are worth contacting, just in case they can help (most club services are for members only).
Potential problems with digging up history on a car
DVLA records are not always up-to-date either - perhaps they are behind in updating their database, and many owners are a little slow when updating DVLA of any changes that occur with their car. Although things are tightening up now, for many years cars were scrapped and DVLA not notified of the event, which led to cars still showing in their database, despite being chopped up years beforehand. More than ever cars are being exported to foreign climes, fuelled by the ease of buying cars from the other side of the world via the internet. Inevitably this will make tracing a car's history more difficult, so if your car has recently been (re)imported from abroad, try sniffing around forums and registration authorities in the country it came in from, just in case there are opportunities to make enquiries like those already mentioned.
Tracing the history of a car, van, lorry or whatever can be fraught at times, but with persistence can be very rewarding. Since 1995 I have researched the history of my old Dodge lorry. When I first got it, I knew nothing of its past, but now I have files inches thick, packed with magazine clippings, letters from people who used to drive this, and similar, vehicles, photographs old and new, and a log of work done on it to date. To me the uncovering of all this information is as interesting as the vehicle itself!
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